What is Web Hosting and What are the types of Web Hosting?
Let’s divide this question into two parts. First, we will understand what is Web Hosting. Web hosting is a service that allows organizations and individuals to post a website or web page onto the Internet. A web host, or web hosting service provider, is a business that provides the technologies and services needed for the website or webpage to be viewed on the Internet. Web sites are hosted or stored, on special computers called servers.
Once you purchase your Domain you need to Host it on the server. So when Internet users want to view your website, all they need to do is type your website address or domain into their browser. Their computer will then connect to your server and your webpages will be delivered to them through the browser.
Purchase Domain -> Host it on Server -> Using Internet browse your Website
Now let’s have a look at types of Web Hosting. Basically, there are many types of Web Hosting are available in the market.Hosting options available are:
- Website Builders
- Shared Hosting
- Dedicated Hosting
- Collocated Hosting
- Cloud-Based Web Hosting
- Virtual Private Server (VPS)
Website builder services is a type of hosting service that caters to beginners who need to host a website, but lack the technical skills and knowledge to build one. Website builder services typically provide you with an online browser-based interface to build your website and also host the website for you without any additional setup.
In a shared hosting environment, your and other website owners shared one server. This includes sharing the physical server and the software applications within the server. Shared hosting services are affordable because the cost to operate the server is shared between you and these other owners. There are, however, a number of downsides, such as being slower.
In a dedicated hosting environment, you have the entire web server to yourself. This allows for faster performance, as you have all the server’s resources entirely, without sharing with other website owners. However, this also means that you will be responsible for the cost of server operation entirely. This is a good choice for websites that require a lot of system resources or need a higher level of security. When you have a dedicated server, it means you are renting one physical server from a hosting company. You can have full control (called “root” permissions in Linux) if you want it. With a dedicated server, you don’t have to worry about other websites on a shared server taking up your resources and slowing your website down.
In this type of hosting, you will purchase your own server and have it housed at a web host’s facilities. You will be responsible for the server itself. An advantage of this type of hosting service is you have full control of the web server. You can install any scripts or applications you need.When you colocate, you rent rack space from a data center. You bring in your own server hardware and they provide power, cooling, physical security, and an internet uplink. This means you’re responsible for your own server software, data storage, backup procedures, etc. If hardware fails, you’re responsible for replacing it and getting the server back up and running. Unless you have the technical know-how in-house, colocation is probably not worth the investment in time, expertise, and money for most small businesses.
Cloud Based Web Hosting
Cloud Based Web Hosting refers to a fairly new hosting technology that lets hundreds of individual servers work together so that it looks like one giant server. The idea is that as the need grows, the hosting company can just add more commodity hardware to make an ever larger grid or cloud.
Virtual Private Server (VPS)
Virtual private servers share one physical server but acts like multiple, separate servers. A VPS is a stepping stone between shared hosting and getting your own dedicated machine. Even though each VPS instance shares hardware resources, they are allocated a dedicated slice of the computing resources.
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